What is Periodontitis?

At West Calgary Periodontics we offer Periodontal Disease Therapy. It is important to know that Gum Disease (also known as ‘Periodontitis’) takes many forms and presents with different levels of severity. If left untreated, periodontitis can eventually lead to tooth loss and other potential health problems.

Gingivitis is the most common form of periodontal disease and can cause your gums to become red and swollen. They may also tend to bleed easily. Gingivitis is usually caused by inadequate oral health

The advanced form of gingivitis is called Periodontitis. When gingivitis is left untreated the plaque can spread below the gum line. If left untreated, the end result is that the tissues supporting the bone can be broken down and destroyed.

Checking Patient Chart | West Calgary Periodontics

Non-Invasive Periodontal Therapy

If your periodontitis isn’t in the advanced stages, then treatment may involve less invasive procedures, including:

  • Scaling – Scaling removes tartar and bacteria from your tooth surfaces and beneath your gums. It may be performed using instruments or an ultrasonic device.
  • Root planing – Root planing smoothes the root surfaces, discouraging further buildup of tartar and bacterial endotoxin.
  • Antibiotics – Your periodontist may recommend using topical or oral antibiotics to help control bacterial infection. Topical antibiotics can include antibiotic mouth rinses or insertion of gels containing antibiotics in the space between your teeth and gums or directly into the pockets after a deep cleaning. The use of oral antibiotics may be necessary to completely eliminate infection-causing bacteria.

Pocket Reduction Therapy

If you have advanced periodontitis, your gum tissue may not respond to nonsurgical treatments and good oral hygiene. In that case, periodontitis treatment may require dental surgery. One of the surgical treatments for periodontitis is called Pocket Reduction Therapy (Flap Surgery).

In this procedure, your periodontist makes tiny incisions in your gum so that a section of gum tissue can be lifted back, exposing the roots for more effective scaling and root planing. Because periodontitis often causes bone loss, the underlying bone may be re-contoured before the gum tissue is sutured back in place. After you heal, it’s easier to clean these areas and maintain healthy gum tissue.

Do you have questions about Periodontal Disease Therapy?
Please contact us are happy to answer any questions you may have!

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