At West Calgary Periodontics, we have many options to help with either soft or hard tissue regeneration. This includes services such as Gum Grafting & Root Coverage as well as Bone Grafting and Sinus Lifts. All of these services work to restore the form and function of your gums and teeth so you can feel great about your smile again.
About Soft & Hard Tissue Regeneration
Gingival (Gum) Grafting & Root Coverage
If you are experiencing Gum Recession, then your body is losing a major defence to fighting bacteria. Gum reconstruction may be necessary to prevent the infiltration of bacteria to protect your teeth against further trauma.
We first must find out why your gums are receding. Typically this can be due to several factors such as thin gum tissue, malpositioned tooth, plaque-causing inflammation, brushing too hard or using a toothbrush that has too hard bristles and aging.
When a root has become exposed or is decaying, the problem needs to be dealt with! Sometimes recession can cause root sensitivity, especially to hot and cold foods, as well as the teeth roots are more exposed which can be unsightly. However, we need to correct the problem. Typically this is done by grafting skin from another site within the mouth and grafting it to the affected gum area.
Given time and your body’s own healing properties, this grafted skin will look and function exactly like your gum pre-surgery.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of bone loss in your mouth. However, you may also lose bone structure from other things such as ill-fitting dentures and/or facial trauma. Bone grafting is a way to replace lost bone tissue and to encourage natural bone growth. Bone grafting can be used for a wide variety of periodontal procedures. These days, we have the ability to grow bone where needed. This not only gives us the ability to place Dental Implants – it gives us the ability to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance.
There are several different kinds of dental bone grafts. These are the most common:
- Autogenous bone graft – In this type of graft, the bone is removed from elsewhere in the body and implanted in the mouth. Common donor sites for bone grafting include the iliac section of the pelvis, the chin and the posterior third molar areas of the jaw. If large amounts of bone need to be harvested, the hip or the shin bone (tibia) are generally used.
- Allograft – Synthetic bone (man-made) can be created in the laboratory and used in the bone grafting procedure. Bone can also be obtained from a bone bank (cadaver bone).
- Xenograft – This is the implantation of bovine (cow) bone. A xenograft is perfectly safe and has been used successfully for many years. Ample bone can be obtained and no secondary donor site is necessary.
Also referred to as a ‘Sinus Augmentation’, a ‘Sinus Lift’ involves lifting up the sinuses to make room for bone tissues that will be developed through bone grafting. This bone grafting is used to add width and height to the jawbone in order to make it suitable for receiving a Dental Implant. It can also help change the position of the sinuses in cases when it restricts the insertion of the Dental Implant. Some patients have a lack of room available for the Dental Implant as the sinus cavity lies too close to the jaw bone.
The key to a successful Sinus Lift procedure is the quantity and the quality of the jawbone to which the Dental Implant will be attached. If your West Calgary Periodontist notices that bone loss has occurred either due to injury or periodontal disease, a Sinus Augmentation can be performed to raise the sinus floor and associated area for the formation of new bone.
A Sinus Lift is one of the most common bone grafting procedures performed for those patients who have experienced bone loss, especially in the upper jaw. By growing more bone on the floor of the maxillary sinus, this will strengthen the bone in this location. This will then allow Dental Implants to be placed into the new bone growth.